04/20/2014

Next system brings a chance of showers and storms to start the workweek.

Following a picture perfect Easter Weekend, we focus our attention on a storm system that will be impacting our weather as we start the new workweek.

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We are tracking a developing cold front across the Northern Plains.  Ahead of it, several areas of showers and storms have developed across portions of the Great Lakes, Midwest and the Great Plains.

This system will track through Kentuckiana tomorrow night.  

Let's time it out with AdvanceTrak...

AT starts us off with dry conditions out the door on Monday and a partly cloudy sky.

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Despite increased clouds, temps warm quickly into the 70's during the lunch hour.

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Isolated showers and storms will be possible by late afternoon as highs close in on 80 degrees.

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Although most of the area looks to remain dry during the evening, isolated showers will remain possible.

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Showers become more scattered overnight Monday night.

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Showers linger into the first part of Tuesday with clearing and cooler conditions during the afternoon.

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Jude Redfield has a full update first thing on WDRB in the Morning.

Meteorologist Jeremy Kappell

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NASA Discovers Earth Sized Planet in Habitable Zone

 

Using NASA's Kepler Space Telescope, astronomers have discovered the first Earth-size planet orbiting a star in the "habitable zone" -- the range of distance from a star where liquid water might pool on the surface of an orbiting planet. The discovery of Kepler-186f confirms that planets the size of Earth exist in the habitable zone of stars other than our sun.

While planets have previously been found in the habitable zone, they are all at least 40 percent larger in size than Earth and understanding their makeup is challenging. Kepler-186f is more reminiscent of Earth.

"The discovery of Kepler-186f is a significant step toward finding worlds like our planet Earth," said Paul Hertz, NASA's Astrophysics Division director at the agency's headquarters in Washington. "Future NASA missions, like the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite and the James Webb Space Telescope, will discover the nearest rocky exoplanets and determine their composition and atmospheric conditions, continuing humankind's quest to find truly Earth-like worlds."

Kepler186f_artistconcept_0The artist's concept depicts Kepler-186f , the first validated Earth-size planet to orbit a distant star in the habitable zone. Image Credit: NASA Ames/SETI Institute/JPL-Caltech

Although the size of Kepler-186f is known, its mass and composition are not. Previous research, however, suggests that a planet the size of Kepler-186f is likely to be rocky.

"We know of just one planet where life exists -- Earth. When we search for life outside our solar system we focus on finding planets with characteristics that mimic that of Earth," said Elisa Quintana, research scientist at the SETI Institute at NASA's Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, Calif., and lead author of the paper published today in the journal Science. "Finding a habitable zone planet comparable to Earth in size is a major step forward."

Kepler-186f resides in the Kepler-186 system, about 500 light-years from Earth in the constellation Cygnus. The system is also home to four companion planets, which orbit a star half the size and mass of our sun. The star is classified as an M dwarf, or red dwarf, a class of stars that makes up 70 percent of the stars in the Milky Way galaxy.

Kepler186f_comparisongraphic_0The diagram compares the planets of our inner solar system to Kepler-186, a five-planet star system about 500 light-years from Earth in the constellation Cygnus. The five planets of Kepler-186 orbit an M dwarf, a star that is is half the size and mass of the sun. Image Credit: NASA Ames/SETI Institute/JPL-Caltech

"M dwarfs are the most numerous stars," said Quintana. "The first signs of other life in the galaxy may well come from planets orbiting an M dwarf."

Kepler-186f orbits its star once every 130-days and receives one-third the energy from its star that Earth gets from the sun, placing it nearer the outer edge of the habitable zone. On the surface of Kepler-186f, the brightness of its star at high noon is only as bright as our sun appears to us about an hour before sunset.

"Being in the habitable zone does not mean we know this planet is habitable. The temperature on the planet is strongly dependent on what kind of atmosphere the planet has," said Thomas Barclay, research scientist at the Bay Area Environmental Research Institute at Ames, and co-author of the paper. "Kepler-186f can be thought of as an Earth-cousin rather than an Earth-twin. It has many properties that resemble Earth."

The four companion planets, Kepler-186b, Kepler-186c, Kepler-186d, and Kepler-186e, whiz around their sun every four, seven, 13, and 22 days, respectively, making them too hot for life as we know it. These four inner planets all measure less than 1.5 times the size of Earth.

The next steps in the search for distant life include looking for true Earth-twins -- Earth-size planets orbiting within the habitable zone of a sun-like star -- and measuring the their chemical compositions. The Kepler Space Telescope, which simultaneously and continuously measured the brightness of more than 150,000 stars, is NASA's first mission capable of detecting Earth-size planets around stars like our sun.

Ames is responsible for Kepler's ground system development, mission operations, and science data analysis. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., managed Kepler mission development. Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp. in Boulder, Colo., developed the Kepler flight system and supports mission operations with the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics at the University of Colorado in Boulder. The Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore archives, hosts and distributes Kepler science data. Kepler is NASA's 10th Discovery Mission and was funded by the agency's Science Mission Directorate.

The SETI Institute is a private, nonprofit organization dedicated to scientific research, education and public outreach.  The mission of the SETI Institute is to explore, understand and explain the origin, nature and prevalence of life in the universe.

For more information about the Kepler mission, visit: http://www.nasa.gov/kepler

Video and information provided by NASA

 

Meteorologist Jeremy Kappell

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04/19/2014

VIDEO: Violent tornado strikes Northern Italy!

This picture of a tornado that touched down in Civitavecchia, Italy (northwest of Rome) was shared to me via my my facebook page.  

Tornado northwest of rome

Apparently, this storm was one of several tornadoes that occurred.  Several more twisters were reported across the northern part of the state.  One of these tornadoes turned out to be quite strong.

According to DailyMotion.com, a strong tornado hit the Italian region of Emilia Romagna on Friday at around 1400 GMT according to Italian media, injuring 11 people and damaging several houses. Numerous fields were damaged by the strong storms and the harvest could be ruined. 

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Here's a video of that powerful tornado.

 

Injuries reported as tornado leaves trail of destruction in northern Italy.

Tornado Smashes Through Northern Italy - Sky News news.sky.com/story/1087036 - Traduzir esta pgina 6 horas atrs -- Villagers are working to repair millions o.

A huge tornado has struck the Emilio-Romagna region of northern Italy this weekend. Amateur footage from small towns near the region.

 

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Historical Easter Weather & 2014 Forecast...

Spring in the Ohio Valley is known for it's wide variety of weather. For example, back in 1970 6.4" of snow fell in Louisville! Thankfully this time around, the weather looks amazing!  Here is a list of some of the other stats and records set on Easter...

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The entire holiday weekend will be rain-free, sunny, and warm. After climbing into the mid 70's this afternoon, I think we could hit 80 tomorrow. If you are heading out early in the day to church service or maybe an egg hunt, dress for some cooler temps...

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The only thing that might stop you from getting outside and enjoying this perfect spring weather would be your allergies. You might start sniffling and sneezing just by looking at the pollen count. Notice that we are in the very high category all the way through Monday...

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Have a nice weekend and Happy Easter!

 

-Rick DeLuca

Rick

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Powerful Earthquake Rattles Mexico...

The April 18, 2014 M 7.2 earthquake near the Pacific coast of Mexico occurred in the state of Guerrero, 265 km southwest of Mexico City. The earthquake occurred as the result of thrust motion at shallow depths. The initial location, depth, and mechanism of the April 18 earthquake are broadly consistent with slip on or near the plate boundary interface between the subducting Cocos oceanic sea plate and the North America plate.

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The broad scale tectonics of the Pacific coast of Mexico are controlled by the northeastward subduction of the Cocos plate beneath the North America plate at a rate of approximately 65 mm/yr. Earthquakes are a common occurrence along the Middle American subduction zone. The April 2014 earthquake occurred northwest of the rupture area of the 1957 M 7.8 Guerrero Earthquake, and since 1975, 23 events of M > 6.0 have occurred within 200 km of the April 2014 earthquake, including events of M 8.0 and M 7.6 (September 1985), M 7.2 (October 1981), and M 7.5 (March 1979), all to the northwest of the April 18 epicenter. The 1981 and 1979 events caused 9 and 5 shaking-related fatalities, respectively. The 1985 M 8.0 earthquake, 195 km to the northwest of the April 2014 event, led to more than 9,500 fatalities, mostly in Mexico City, and generated small, local tsunamis. That event was influential in initiating efforts to establish earthquake early warning systems in Mexico City.


The April 2014 earthquake occurred within the “Guerrero Seismic Gap” – an approximately 200 km long segment of the Cocos-North America plate boundary identified to have experienced no significant earthquakes since 1911 (M 7.6). The plate interface in this region is known to be locked, with an earthquake of M 8.1-8.4 thought possible should the entire gap rupture in a single event.

Seismotectonics of Mexico

Located atop three of the large tectonic plates, Mexico is one of the world's most seismically active regions. The relative motion of these crustal plates causes frequent earthquakes and occasional volcanic eruptions. Most of the Mexican landmass is on the westward moving North American plate. The Pacific Ocean floor south of Mexico is being carried northeastward by the underlying Cocos plate. Because oceanic crust is relatively dense, when the Pacific Ocean floor encounters the lighter continental crust of the Mexican landmass, the ocean floor is subducted beneath the North American plate creating the deep Middle American trench along Mexico's southern coast. Also as a result of this convergence, the westward moving Mexico landmass is slowed and crumpled creating the mountain ranges of southern Mexico and earthquakes near Mexico's southern coast. As the oceanic crust is pulled downward, it melts; the molten material is then forced upward through weaknesses in the overlying continental crust. This process has created a region of volcanoes across south-central Mexico known as the Cordillera Neovolcánica.

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The area west of the Gulf of California, including Mexico's Baja California Peninsula, is moving northwestward with the Pacific plate at about 50 mm per year. Here, the Pacific and North American plates grind past each other creating strike-slip faulting, the southern extension of California's San Andreas fault. In the past, this relative plate motion pulled Baja California away from the coast forming the Gulf of California and is the cause of earthquakes in the Gulf of California region today.

Mexico has a long history of destructive earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. In September 1985, a magnitude 8.1 earthquake killed more than 9,500 people in Mexico City. In southern Mexico, Volcán de Colima and El Chichón erupted in 2005 and 1982, respectively. Paricutín volcano, west of Mexico City, began venting smoke in a cornfield in 1943; a decade later this new volcano had grown to a height of 424 meters. Popocatépetl and Ixtaccíhuatl volcanos ("smoking mountain" and "white lady", respectively), southeast of Mexico City, occasionally vent gas that can be clearly seen from the City, a reminder that volcanic activity is ongoing. In 1994 and 2000 Popocatépetl renewed its activity forcing the evacuation of nearby towns, causing seismologists and government officials to be concerned about the effect a large-scale eruption might have on the heavily populated region. Popocatépetl volcano last erupted in 2010.

 

-Rick DeLuca

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04/18/2014

It Looks Like Cliffs Behind This Person Right? Wrong... Let Me Explain This UNBELIEVABLE Weather Phenomena

You look at this picture taken by Barbara Podzemny on August 13, 2004 near Clayton, New Mexico and your probably notice the cliffs in the background. Nothing special right?

 

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I will tell you they are not cliffs at all. Maybe sand? Nope. Those are actually not cliffs behind the man in this photo, that is hail in a freak weather phenomena called Hail Glaciers!

 

A freak hail storm occurred in Clayton, New Mexico overnight on August 13, 2004. This storm was an amazing hail producer and left up to a foot of hail on the ground in some areas! While amazing, this doesn't explain the massive cliffs you see behind the man in the above picture. This hail was followed by as much as 5" of rain and the water washed all this hail downstream. As the hail came into a culvert, it began to back up and pile up. In the end, the next morning this freakish scene remained. There were mountains of hail with full cliffs as high as 15 feet lining both sides of this river! These mountains of hail are referred to as hail glaciers and they are VERY rare. Not only were there cliffs, but a tunnel actually had been cut through part of the hail mountains by the flood water. The hail remained in the area for nearly a month!!! Absolutely UNBELIEVABLE!!! 

 

Here are a few more pictures courtesy of the NWS...

 

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Is This The Only Documented Hail Glacier?

 

While these hail glaciers are rare, we do have more documented cases that have occurred. Another famous hail glacier event occurred only a couple of years ago on April 11, 2012 in Amarillo, TX. A monster supercell t-storm formed in the afternoon on April 11, 2012 near Amarillo and was nearly stationary for over 4 hours! The hail piled up so much that US Highway 287 had to be closed for 12 hours after motorists were stranded! Here is a video of the wild event.

 

 

 

Some of the images of the 2012 Amarillo hail glacier are amazing! These are courtesy of the NWS...

 

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It seems like an almost unreal weather phenomena, but hail glaciers are real and when they happen it is stunning. WOW!

 

 

 

We are in Spring storm season and if you want to be one of my storm spotters, you can join me on my facebook or twitter page. Just follow the link below and click "like" or "follow".

 

If you ever have any question, please remember I can be reached on facebook or twitter easily! Just follow the link below to my facebook or twitter page and click "LIKE/FOLLOW"!

 

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NASA's Kepler Discovers First Earth-Size Planet In The 'Habitable Zone' of Another Star

Using NASA's Kepler Space Telescope, astronomers have discovered the first Earth-size planet orbiting a star in the "habitable zone" -- the range of distance from a star where liquid water might pool on the surface of an orbiting planet. The discovery of Kepler-186f confirms that planets the size of Earth exist in the habitable zone of stars other than our sun.

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The artist's concept depicts Kepler-186f , the first validated Earth-size planet to orbit a distant star in the habitable zone. Image Credit: NASA Ames/SETI Institute/JPL-Caltech

While planets have previously been found in the habitable zone, they are all at least 40 percent larger in size than Earth and understanding their makeup is challenging. Kepler-186f is more reminiscent of Earth.

"The discovery of Kepler-186f is a significant step toward finding worlds like our planet Earth," said Paul Hertz, NASA's Astrophysics Division director at the agency's headquarters in Washington. "Future NASA missions, like the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite and the James Webb Space Telescope, will discover the nearest rocky exoplanets and determine their composition and atmospheric conditions, continuing humankind's quest to find truly Earth-like worlds."

Although the size of Kepler-186f is known, its mass and composition are not. Previous research, however, suggests that a planet the size of Kepler-186f is likely to be rocky.

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The diagram compares the planets of our inner solar system to Kepler-186, a five-planet star system about 500 light-years from Earth in the constellation Cygnus. The five planets of Kepler-186 orbit an M dwarf, a star that is is half the size and mass of the sun.
Image Credit: NASA Ames/SETI Institute/JPL-Caltech
 

"We know of just one planet where life exists -- Earth. When we search for life outside our solar system we focus on finding planets with characteristics that mimic that of Earth," said Elisa Quintana, research scientist at the SETI Institute at NASA's Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, Calif., and lead author of the paper published today in the journal Science. "Finding a habitable zone planet comparable to Earth in size is a major step forward."

Kepler-186f resides in the Kepler-186 system, about 500 light-years from Earth in the constellation Cygnus. The system is also home to four companion planets, which orbit a star half the size and mass of our sun. The star is classified as an M dwarf, or red dwarf, a class of stars that makes up 70 percent of the stars in the Milky Way galaxy.

"M dwarfs are the most numerous stars," said Quintana. "The first signs of other life in the galaxy may well come from planets orbiting an M dwarf."

Kepler-186f orbits its star once every 130-days and receives one-third the energy from its star that Earth gets from the sun, placing it nearer the outer edge of the habitable zone. On the surface of Kepler-186f, the brightness of its star at high noon is only as bright as our sun appears to us about an hour before sunset.

"Being in the habitable zone does not mean we know this planet is habitable. The temperature on the planet is strongly dependent on what kind of atmosphere the planet has," said Thomas Barclay, research scientist at the Bay Area Environmental Research Institute at Ames, and co-author of the paper. "Kepler-186f can be thought of as an Earth-cousin rather than an Earth-twin. It has many properties that resemble Earth."

The four companion planets, Kepler-186b, Kepler-186c, Kepler-186d, and Kepler-186e, whiz around their sun every four, seven, 13, and 22 days, respectively, making them too hot for life as we know it. These four inner planets all measure less than 1.5 times the size of Earth.

The next steps in the search for distant life include looking for true Earth-twins -- Earth-size planets orbiting within the habitable zone of a sun-like star -- and measuring the their chemical compositions. The Kepler Space Telescope, which simultaneously and continuously measured the brightness of more than 150,000 stars, is NASA's first mission capable of detecting Earth-size planets around stars like our sun.

Ames is responsible for Kepler's ground system development, mission operations, and science data analysis. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., managed Kepler mission development. Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp. in Boulder, Colo., developed the Kepler flight system and supports mission operations with the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics at the University of Colorado in Boulder. The Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore archives, hosts and distributes Kepler science data. Kepler is NASA's 10th Discovery Mission and was funded by the agency's Science Mission Directorate.

The SETI Institute is a private, nonprofit organization dedicated to scientific research, education and public outreach.  The mission of the SETI Institute is to explore, understand and explain the origin, nature and prevalence of life in the universe.

 

-Rick DeLuca

Rick

https://www.facebook.com/RickDeLucaWeather

04/16/2014

Clouds Over Antarctica Correlated To Temperatures In Our Area - You Have To Read This...

This has to be one of the most interesting research projects I have seen by NASA in a while. If you have read my blog before, then you have heard me talk about Noctilucient clouds which occur about 60 - 70 miles above the surface of the earth. These clouds are WAY up in the atmosphere and have been somewhat of a mystery in years past.

 

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Image Courtesy NASA

 

NASA is now saying these rare clouds are well correlated with temperatures in OUR REGION. Check out this very interesting article courtesy of NASA...

 

Unexpected Teleconnections in Noctilucent Clouds

 


April 16, 2014: Earth's poles are separated by four oceans, six continents and more than 12,000 nautical miles.

Turns out, that's not so far apart.

New data from NASA's AIM spacecraft have revealed "teleconnections" in Earth's atmosphere that stretch all the way from the North Pole to the South Pole and back again, linking weather and climate more closely than simple geography would suggest.

 
 

 
A new ScienceCast video explores unexpected "teleconnections" in Earth's atmosphere that link weather and climate across vast distances.

For example, says Cora Randall, AIM science team member and Chair of the Dept. of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences at the University of Colorado, "we have found that the winter air temperature in Indianapolis, Indiana, is well correlated with the frequency of noctilucent clouds over Antarctica."

Noctilucent clouds, or "NLCs," are Earth's highest clouds.  They form at the edge of space 83 km above our planet's polar regions in a layer of the atmosphere called the mesosphere.  Seeded by "meteor smoke," NLCs are made of tiny ice crystals that glow electric blue when sunlight lances through their cloud-tops.

AIM was launched in 2007 to investigate these "night-shining" clouds, to discover how they form and to learn about their inner chemistry.  As is often the case, however, when exploring the unknown, researchers found something they weren't even looking for: teleconnections.

"It has been a surprise," says Hampton University professor of atmospheric and planetary science James Russell, Principal Investigator of the AIM mission. "Years ago when we were planning the AIM mission, our attention was focused on a narrow layer of the atmosphere where NLCs form.  Now we are finding out this layer manifests evidence of long-distance connections in the atmosphere far from the NLCs themselves."

One of these teleconnections links the Arctic stratosphere with the Antarctic mesosphere.

"Stratospheric winds over the Arctic control circulation in the mesosphere," explains Randall. "When northern stratospheric winds slow down, a ripple effect around the globe causes the southern mesosphere to become warmer and drier, leading to fewer NLCs. When northern winds pick up again, the southern mesosphere becomes colder and wetter, and the NLCs return."

 
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The winter air temperature in Indianapolis is correlated with the frequency of noctilucent clouds over Antarctica.

This January, a time of year when southern NLCs are usually abundant, the AIM spacecraft observed a sudden and unexpected decline in the clouds. Interestingly, about two weeks earlier, winds in the Arctic stratosphere were strongly perturbed, leading to a distorted polar vortex.

"We believe that this triggered a ripple effect that led to a decline in noctilucent clouds half-way around the world," says Laura Holt of the University of Colorado's Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics. "This is the same polar vortex that made headlines this winter when parts of the USA experienced crippling cold and ice."

Holt took a careful look at meteorological data and found that, indeed, there was a statistical link between winter weather in the USA and the decline in noctilucent clouds over Antarctica.

"We picked Indianapolis as an example, because I have family living there," says Randall, "but the same was true of many northern cities: cold air temperatures on the ground were correlated with NLC frequencies high above Antarctica two weeks later," she says.

The two week delay is, apparently, how much time it takes for the teleconnection signal to propagate through three layers of atmosphere (the troposphere, stratosphere and mesosphere), and from pole to pole.

It is a complicated topic, but this much is clear: "NLCs are a valuable resource for studying long-distance connections in the atmosphere," says Russell, "and we are just getting started."

 

 

 

We are in Spring storm season and if you want to be one of my storm spotters, you can join me on my facebook or twitter page. Just follow the link below and click "like" or "follow".

 

If you ever have any question, please remember I can be reached on facebook or twitter easily! Just follow the link below to my facebook or twitter page and click "LIKE/FOLLOW"!

 

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Meteor Shower Ramping Up In Our Area NOW! Where And When To Look In My Blog...

Last night I was greeted to a HUGE meteor (shooting star) blazing across most of the southern part of the sky before flaming out. It was an amazing sight and a reminder that we are getting into the core of the Lyrid meteor shower! Let me share a little about the Lyrids and where you will need to look to enjoy this meteor shower.

 

When And Where To Look To See The Lyrid Meteor Shower

 

The Lyrids are not one of the largest meteor showers of the year, but with this meteor shower still gives you a great opportunity to see some meteors with solid numbers per hour. On top of that, the weather is going to be very good for a number of days so you have a nice chance to enjoy a quality meteor shower. Here are the details courtesy of NASA...

 

Look for the familiar constellation Lyra, rising in the Northeast at 10 p.m.

 

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It'll be high overhead by 4 a.m. This month's Lyrid meteor shower peaks on the night of April 22 and the morning of April 23. But you'll spot some Lyrids any night between the 16th and the 25th. The peak rate is expected to be 15 to 20 meteors per hour. The third quarter moon rises an hour past midnight, brightening the sky. But the moon will only obscure the fainter meteors. Luckily, the Lyrids are known to produce bright meteors, many with persistent trains.

 

 

Having seen one last night, I can confirm that the Lyrids can be BRIGHT! You will be able to see these all the way through next Friday, April 25th but the peak is Tuesday night April 22. Mark your calendars!!!

 

 

 

We are in Spring storm season and if you want to be one of my storm spotters, you can join me on my facebook or twitter page. Just follow the link below and click "like" or "follow".

 

If you ever have any question, please remember I can be reached on facebook or twitter easily! Just follow the link below to my facebook or twitter page and click "LIKE/FOLLOW"!

 

https://www.facebook.com/pages/Marc-Weinberg/171330336238674#!/pages/Marc-Weinberg/171330336238674

 

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Five Volcanoes Erupting at the Same Time!

Remote. Cold. Rugged. Those three adjectives capture the essence of Russia’s Kamchatka Peninsula. Another word—perhaps more applicable than anywhere else on Earth—is “fiery.”

Of the roughly 1,550 volcanoes that have erupted in the recent geologic past, 113 are found on Kamchatka. Forty Kamchatkan volcanoes are “active,” either erupting now or capable of erupting on short notice. The Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat 8 captured activity at five of them during a single satellite pass on April 14, 2014.

From geographic north to south (and top to bottom on this page), the volcanoes are Shiveluch, Klyuchevskaya, Bezymianny, Kizimen, and Karymsky. The tallest of the group is Klyuchevskaya, a stratovolcano with a steep, symmetrical cone that reaches 4,750 meters (15,580 feet) above sea level. The most active is Karymsky, a 1,536-meter (5,039-foot) peak that has erupted regularly since 1996.

Shiveluch_oli_2014104Satellite image of Shiveluch captured on April 14, 2014.  Full resolution image available here.

 

Klyuchevskaya_oli_2014104Satellite image of Klyuchevskaya captured on April 14, 2014.  Full resolution image available here.

 

Kizimen_oli_2014104Satellite image of Bezymianny captured on April 14, 2014.  Full resolution image available here.

 

Karymsky_oli_2014104Satellite image of Kizimen captured on April 14, 2014.  Full resolution image available here.

 

Bezymianny_oli_2014104Satellite image of Karymsky captured on April 14, 2014.  Full resolution image available here.

 

Plate tectonics is responsible for the many volcanoes on Kamchatka Peninsula. The Pacific Plate is slowly colliding with and sliding beneath the Okhotsk Plate. As rock from the Pacific Plate descends and encounters higher pressures and temperatures, it melts into magma. Over time, magma accumulates and migrates up toward the surface, causing volcanic eruptions.

Long before the discovery of plate tectonics, Kamchatka’s many volcanoes and eruptions were woven into a rich tapestry of myths and creation stories. According to Koryak folklore, the raven-like deity Kutkh created Kamchatka by dropping a giant feather on the Pacific Ocean. Each of the first generation of men became one of Kamchatka’s mountains at death; many of these mountains became volcanic because the men’s hearts burned so passionately for a beautiful woman that Kutkh had also created near the beginning of time.

In 2013, another NASA satellite collected imagery of Shiveluch, Bezymianny, Tolbachik, and Kizimen.

Images and Information Courtesy NASA

 

Meteorologist Jeremy Kappell

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